A NOVEL MOTOR.
The engraving shows a means of imparting motion to vehicles and machinery by.the employment of soft tubing beneath a flexible bearing surface for traction wheels. The tubing and flexible bearing, under the influence of steam, water, air, or other expansible or compressible fluid forced into it, will form a wedge-shaped or inclined wall or abutment in the rear of the tangential bearing of the wheel, and propel it with greater or less speed according to the pressure of the propelling medium.
Fig. 1 shows the application of the principle to a rotary steam or air engine. Fig. 2 shows the rotary engine in a horizontal position adapted to running a millstone. Fig. 3 shows the device applied to the propulsion of wagons or cars, and Figs. 4, 5, and 6 show the application of the motor to elevated rail-roads.
The annular casing of the rotary engine is divided into two compartments, C C in each of which is placed a very strong flexible hose connected at one end with the branched sup-ply pipe, A, and at the other end with the branched exhaust pipe, B. These pipes, although designated as supply and exhaust, may be employed for either, as the motor is capable of running equally well in either direction. The hose in the compartments, C C, are provided with a flexible metallic bearing plate, which may be of steel or other suitable mate¬rial, and upon these plates the wheels, D, press so as to bring the interior surfaces of the flexible hose into contact at that point. These wheels are supported by arms connected with the engine shaft, and when steam is admitted by either of the pipes, A B, and allowed to escape by the other, an inclined abutment is formed behind the wheels, which push them forward with greater or less force depending on the pressure of the steam, air, or water used in the motor.
We are informed that these motors are capable of running at a very high velocity, and that they are efficient and may be applied to a large number of uses where the ordinary steam engine would be impracticable. Certainly nothing could be more simple, no piston, no valves, no stuffing-boxes being required. The position in which this motor is placed is immaterial. It is shown in Fig. 2 placed in a horizontal position and adapted to the driving of millstones and vertical shafts. In this view the engine is shown in section, and the relative position of the flexible hose, C, its metallic covering, and the wheels, D, is clearly shown.
When the device is applied to railways the flexible tube or hose, E, is laid in a grooved track, F, and is protected by a straight ribbon of steel, upon which the wheels of the vehicle roll. This arrangement is adapted to light traffic, and for many purposes will answer admirably, but where the traffic is great the car is supported upon wheels running on an ordinary rail, while the driving wheel presses upon the hose with only enough force to bring the hose together, steam, water, or air tight, immediately beneath the driving wheel.
The hose is divided up into sections of fifty feet or more each, and each section is sup-plied by air from a main supply pipe, G, running below the track and connected with the air compress¬ing station. At suitable intervals lateral pipes lead to valves at the sides of the track, with which the hose is directly connected. At this point there is a valve connected with the lever, H, and at the ends of the car there are levers which may be thrown out to engage the lever, H, and operate the valve so as to admit air to the section of hose upon which the car is just entering. The auxiliary lever at the side of the lever, H, is connected with the lever at the end of the filled section of hose, and as the driving wheel is leaving the filled section the lever carried by the car trips the auxiliary lever, moving the remote lever, H, and almost immediately touching the lever, H, of the section just entered.
It will be seen that by this arrangement collision is avoided, as the car on any particular section of the road has absolute control of that section. This system permits of running cars as frequently as may be desired, avoids all smoke and noise incident to steam propulsion, and is of necessity cheaper, both in respect to the road, propelling power, and rolling stock than any of the existing systems,
This invention was recently patented by Mr. M. M. Conger, of Wellsville, Mo. Further information may be obtained by addressing Messrs. Conger & Bro. as above.